The Island That Vanished

Off the map.

Maybe. If it was ever there, in the first place.

But not from our collective consciousness.

Atlantis.

Fabled island continent of ancient times, which sank beneath the sea, in one night.

Numerous legends exist about the Atlanteans and their highly advanced civilization. And of how they destroyed their land through their misuse of power.

A Cautionary Tale, Or…?

The story of Atlantis was first recorded by the Greek philosopher Plato, c. 350 BC in “Dialogues”.

Plato (who said the story was told to Solon by a learned priest of Egypt) sited the island in the Atlantic Ocean, behind the Strait of Gibraltar, or the Pillars of Heracles (Hercules).

He said the island was larger than Libya and Asia Minor combined, and could be reached by travelers from other islands.

The mighty Atlanteans had an ideal government, and an advanced culture of wealth and high technology. They ruled Africa from the border of Egypt and Europe to Tuscany (in modern-day Italy), and sought to expand thier rule throughout the Mediterranean.

Plato said that the Atlanteans invaded Athens circa 9600 BC, and a great war ensued.

Despite their physical and technical superiority, the Atlanteans were defeated.

Their hubris, materialism, and aggression had angered Zeus, the king of the mighty gods of Greek Olympus.

Zeus punished them by causing great earthquakes and floods that overwhelmed the continent and caused Atlantis to sink beneath the sea, in one night.

The story bears marked similarities to a legend of the Egyptian Middle Kingdom (2000 BC – 1750 BC), and to a story in the “Mahabharata” of India.

The Legend Grew.

Arab geographers kept the story alive, and as late as the Middle Ages it was believed that Atlantis had been a real place.

In 1882, US Congressman Ignatius Donnelly, in his controversial book “Atlantis: The Antediluvian World”, proposed that Atlantis must have been located in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean to serve as a bridge and source of culture to other areas around the globe.

Studying the achievements of cultures around the world – particularly Egypt and Central and South America (all those pyramids, I suppose), he concluded that, if similar cultures arose in such widely diverse geographical locations, they probably had a common source.

The Theories Grew Even Wilder.

Madame Helena P. Blavatsky, mystic and co-founder of Theosophy, believed that the Atlanteans were psychically developed descendants of another legendary lost continent – Lemuria – and were the Fourth Root Race of all humans.

She claimed to have learned this from “The Book of Dyzan”, an alleged Atlantean work that had survived the destruction, and was smuggled out to Tibet.

She described the Atlanteans as 27-foot high giants who built huge cities (They’d have to be), and erected 27-foot high statues.

Blavatsky said Atlantis was located in the North Atlantic Ocean, and was formed from surviving and coalescing chunks of Lemuria.

Lemuria?

Yes.

Legendary lost continent of the Indian Ocean.

Said to be the original Garden of Eden, and the cradle of the human race.

The theory of its existence arose in the 19th century, when scientists were seeking to explain Darwin’s theory of evolution.

English zoologist Philip Sclater suggested that a land bridge once existed, from the Malay Archipelago to the south coast of Asia and Madagascar – thus connecting India to southern Africa.

The theory explained why such animals as the lemur (a type of fox-faced primate) are found not only in Madagascar and in parts of Africa, but also in India and the Malay Archipelago.

Sclater coined the name Lemuria, from the word lemur.

Madame Helena P. Blavatsky (her, again…) believed that Lemuria had been inhabited by the Third Root Race of Humankind: 15 feet tall, brown-skinned hermaphrodites (male and female, in one body), with four arms.

Their eyes were set far apart in their flat faces, so that they could see sideways. Some Lemurians had a third eye, in the back of their skull.

Their bizarre feet, with protruding heels, enabled them to walk either forward or backward.

Lemurians supposedly had highly developed psychic powers, and communicated by telepathy.

Even so, I’m still glad that we didn’t take that particular evolutionary pathway.

According to Blavatsky, the continent – which covered most of the southern hemisphere – broke up, and was destroyed.

The Lemurians migrated to Atlantis, where they evolved into the Fourth Root Race.

Migrated Where, Though?

At least 45 locations around the globe have been proposed as the site of Atlantis, but no definitive proof of its existence has ever been found.
Real-life Indiana Jones, David Hatcher Childress – who has written prolifically about ancient civilizations, and his life-long quest for their remains, and become something of a regular on television with appearances on Fox-TV’s Sighting & Encounters, Discovery, and A&E – compiled a Top 10 List of possible locations for the publication “Atlantis Rising”:
1. AZORES

Because Atlantis was said to be a large island in the true ocean that surrounds the continents, it was thought to be in the mid-Atlantic. The sinking of Atlantis left only a few scattered islands. Islands such as the Azores, perhaps.

2. SAHARA

The Sahara Desert – usually the Tassili and Ahaggar Mountains in southern Algeria, Tunisia or both – has been proposed as the actual site for Atlantis.
When the French colonized North Africa they soon discovered a lost world existed in southern Algeria, and that the ancient harbor of Carthage was an exact miniature of the capital of Atlantis as described by the Egyptian priests.
The Sahara however, did not vanish beneath the ocean, but rather dried up and became a sandy seabed.
Perhaps Atlantis lies beneath the drifting sands and strange stone formations of the Sahara Desert.

3. MALTA

Malta has huge ancient structures that are now dated as 9000 years old or older and are said by orthodox archaeologists to be the oldest stone ruins in the world.
Malta is now a small rocky island that once had elephants, and shows evidence of having been destroyed in a huge cataclysmic wave.
Joseph Ellul and others have proposed that Malta was part of a great civilization of the past, and was probably connected to other parts of the Mediterranean when a huge wave from the Atlantic filled the Mediterranean, causing the Biblical Flood.

4. BIMINI

With the discovery in 1968 of what appeared to be a huge polygonal stone road, a lost pyramid, underwater staircases, and fallen pillars in the shallow water off Bimini, Atlantis was thought to have been found in the Caribbean.
Atlantis could have spread over a large portion of the Atlantic, from the Azores to the Bahamas and possibly even Florida.

5. SOUTH AMERICA

Because of the gigantic ruins in Peru and Bolivia and the evidence that Tiahuanaco was destroyed in a cataclysm, South America has been proposed as the site of Atlantis by number of early writers, including the British colonel Percy Fawcett, who vanished in the jungles of Brazil in 1925 while searching for a lost city of Atlantis.
South America does have huge ruins and is across the Atlantic, but it seems to have risen from sea level, rather than sinking into the ocean.

6. ANTARCTICA

When Charles Hapgood resurrected the Pin Ri’is map – a map copied from older maps by a Turkish admiral, which showed Antarctica as an ice-free continent – the concept of Atlantis in the frozen polar wasteland was born.
Since Atlantis may have been destroyed in a polar shift, Antarctica was probably at a more temperate climate 10,000 years ago, and may hold megalithic ruins such as those in South America.
Yet, Antarctica seems a long way away from the Mediterranean with which Atlantis fought a war. Also Atlantis supposedly sank beneath the ocean in a day and night. Antarctica rather accumulated ice for thousands of years.

7. CANARY ISLANDS

While no ancient ruins have ever been discovered in the Azores, ancient ruins have been discovered in the Canary islands off the coast of Morocco. Circular stone ruins have been found on the islands, leading some to propose that the Canaries are a remnant of ancient Atlantis.

8. NORTH SEA

The shallow areas of the North Sea off Holland, Germany, England and Scandinavia have been proposed as the site of a sunken civilization that may have been Atlantis.
The Oera Linda Book discovered in Holland in the 1700’s spoke of a sunken land off the Frisian islands of Holland. Jugen Spanuth, a German Pastor, took photos of underwater ruins off northern Germany in the early 1950s.
Recently, researcher Paul Dunbavin has proposed that the citadel of Atlantis was located underwater between Wales and Ireland, this area being the “Plain of Atlantis” as described by Plato.

9. MIDDLE EAST

The Middle East and Arabia has some of the largest and most baffling stone ruins in the world.
The largest stone blocks in the world are to found at Baalbek in Lebanon. They weigh an amazing 2,000 tons each and are worthy of Atlantean architecture. Similarly, it is said that the Temple Wall in Jerusalem also has a foundation of gigantic stones, similar to Baalbek.
Recent authors such as Stan Deyo have suggested that Saudi Arabia, with its strange ruins in the central desserts, is the site of ancient Atlantis. Port cities can be found in the interior of Arabia, and while it is clear that Arabia and the Middle East have many lost civilizations to be discovered, this is obviously not a sunken area at all.

10. THERA & CRETE

According to the tourist literature in Greece, the explosion of the Aegean island of Thera destroyed Crete and at the same time, Atlantis. While Plato is quite explicit in his time frame and location, Greek archaeologists seem certain that Atlantis can be found only a few hundred miles from Athens.
Thousands of tourists come to Thera every year and drink the local Atlantis wine while they discuss Atlantis. For them, Atlantis will never be found anywhere else.
So, that’s the story on Atlantis.

Defunct.

Destroyed?

Depopulated?

Debatable.

Depopulated. Hmm.

Rather like the subject of our next edition.

People? I’m out of here.

Peace.

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